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Tsakhur is spoken by about 20.000 people. 13.000 speakers live in northwest Azerbaijan, 7.000 dwell in the mountainous south of the Dagestan Republic in southern Russia.

Tsakhur belongs to the Lezgian subgroup of the Northeast Caucasian Language family.

Main dialects are Kirmico-Lek, Mikik, and Misles.

Tsakhur is one of the 14 official state languages of the Dagestan Republic in Russia.

The case system of Tsakhur is very rich because of the great number of locative cases. Tsakhur has four noun classes. The morphology of the verb, however, is relatively simple.

Tsakhur is an ergative language.

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