Lezgi is spoken by more than 450.000 people. More than 250.000 speakers live in Russia, mostly in the Dagestan Republic. More than 170.000 reside in northern Azerbaijan. The rest live scattered in Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.
Lezgi belongs to the Lezgian subgroup of the Northeast Caucasian language family.
Main dialects are Kiuri, Akhty, Kuba, Gjunej, Garkin, Anyx, Stal.
Lezgi is one of the 14 official state languages of the Dagestan Republic in Russia.
It became a written language with an Arabic based writing system at the beginning of the 20th century. After the October revolution it first used a Latin alphabet which was later replaced by Cyrillic letters. The literary language is derived from the Gjunej dialect.
There is an opposition between pharyngealised vowels and non-pharyngealised vowels.
The position of the lexical accent is on the second syllable of the word.
The case system of Lezgi is very rich because of the quantity of locative cases. The noun has about 28 cases. Lezgi has no noun classes. The morphology of the verb, however, is relatively simple. The verb does not agree with any of its arguments.
Lezgi is an ergative language.